What determines the success of a garage?
Obecnie w niemal każdym domu znajduje się co najmniej jeden samochód. Ponieważ auto można kupić w stosunkowo niewielkiej cenie, coraz więcej osób decyduje się na własny pojazd. Zapewnia to niezależność i wygodę, ale również niesie ze sobą konieczność serwisowania samochodu. Dlatego też warsztaty naprawcze cieszą się tak dużym zainteresowaniem i mogą stać się dobrym źródłem zarobku. Aby jednak było to możliwe, konieczne jest wypracowanie sobie dobrej opinii wśród zadowolonych klientów. W takich przypadkach najlepiej działa poczta pantoflowa ? jeśli rzetelnie wykonamy swoją usługę, właściciel naprawionego auta z pewnością poleci nas znajomym. Dlatego też najważniejszą kwestią w prowadzeniu własnego warsztatu samochodowego jest oferowanie usług na najwyższym poziomie.
Where to set up a repair shop?
Nowadays, more and more people are choosing to buy their own car. And there is nothing surprising in this - after all, the car provides independence and is extremely convenient means of transport. Each vehicle requires service from time to time, or repair certain faults or replacement of wearing parts in everyday life. This makes the mechanics willing to assume workshops. But in order to achieve financial success, it is well to consider the location of such a plant. If the area is a lot of competition, you better look for another place. It should provide good access and be well marked in such a way to customers had no trouble finding it.
This oil film
In the crankcase of a vehicle engine, motor oil lubricates rotating or sliding surfaces between the crankshaft journal bearings (main bearings and big-end bearings), and rods connecting the pistons to the crankshaft. The oil collects in an oil pan, or sump, at the bottom of the crankcase. In some small engines such as lawn mower engines, dippers on the bottoms of connecting rods dip into the oil at the bottom and splash it around the crankcase as needed to lubricate parts inside. In modern vehicle engines, the oil pump takes oil from the oil pan and sends it through the oil filter into oil galleries, from which the oil lubricates the main bearings holding the crankshaft up at the main journals and camshaft bearings operating the valves. In typical modern vehicles, oil pressure-fed from the oil galleries to the main bearings enters holes in the main journals of the crankshaft. From these holes in the main journals, the oil moves through passageways inside the crankshaft to exit holes in the rod journals to lubricate the rod bearings and connecting rods. Some simpler designs relied on these rapidly moving parts to splash and lubricate the contacting surfaces between the piston rings and interior surfaces of the cylinders. However, in modern designs, there are also passageways through the rods which carry oil from the rod bearings to the rod-piston connections and lubricate the contacting surfaces between the piston rings and interior surfaces of the cylinders. This oil film also serves as a seal between the piston rings and cylinder walls to separate the combustion chamber in the cylinder head from the crankcase. The oil then drips back down into the oil pan.45
Motor oil may also serve as a cooling agent. In some constructions oil is sprayed through a nozzle inside the crankcase onto the piston to provide cooling of specific parts that undergo high temperature strain. On the other hand, the thermal capacity of the oil pool has to be filled, i.e. the oil has to reach its designed temperature range before it can protect the engine under high load. This typically takes longer than heating the main cooling agent ? water or mixtures thereof ? up to its operating temperature. In order to inform the driver about the oil temperature, some older and most high performance or racing engines feature an oil thermometer.
Due to its high viscosity, motor oil is not always the preferred oil for certain applications. Some applications make use of lighter products such as WD-40, when a lighter oil is desired, or honing oil if the desired viscosity needs to be mid-range.6